Posts Tagged ‘Yuan’

Confidence in physical gold

Tuesday, December 10th, 2013

According to and also confirmed on, the Shanghai Stock Exchange would have delivered more gold than Fort Knox in the States. Needless to say the strong impact that would have on the gold price in the forthcoming future.
Some people even expect tapering to happen again or at least at some point.

Shanghai stock exchange
Shanghai Stock Exchange

The dollar is being printed on such a large scale that it leads to a complete devaluation of the US currency. That may be a satisfaction to the American to have more bank notes printed out but on the other side this does not help other countries like China who is presently sitting with some $3.7 trillion of foreign exchange reserves – other countries are actually in a pretty similar case with lesser quantities but still the concern remains …

Kingworldnews visited the Shanghai Stock Exchange in 2009 and said that they had delivered some 8655 tons of gold since 2009. The Chinese bought something like 1.700 tons of gold in the first eight months of this year. It means that gold is actually feeding the Chinese’ foreign exchange reserves. We know that the renminbi is already the second largest currency used in global trade … How long before the dollar becomes fully obsolete ?

Let’s have a closer look at the dollar :

Well, one should be scared when looking at that 14 year perspective published on

a 14 year perspective for the de-dollarization

a 14 year perspective for the de-dollarization

In our article published on Nov 19th 2013 – China remains the world’s largest gold consumer in Q3’13 – we were actually talking about the lack of confidence in the global financial market and systems altogether. As Jim Sinclair was saying ‘Credibility speaks to Confidence and Confidence speaks to Gold’.

Soon we may have part of our savings confiscated. How trustworthy are the banks? 

Investing in physical gold has never been so important. Making it affordable to everybody is our main concern and feasible thanks to our LSP.

For further information with regards to the confiscation in the USA, please read our article The Great Confiscation : Gold ownership was illegal in the USA from 1933 to 1975.

The Panda 1 ounce

Wednesday, December 4th, 2013

The Chinese Gold Panda is a popular series of Gold bullion coins issued by the People’s Republic
of China in Proof-like, brilliant uncirculated quality. They are issued in a range of sizes between
1/20 Oz and 1 Oz with larger 2 and 5 Oz coins being additionally issued in some years.

panda 1 onceChina issued its first Gold coins bearing the Panda design in 1982. These were limited
to sizes of 1/10 Troy ounce along with 1/4 Toz, 1/2 Toz and 1 Toz. From 1983, the 1/20 Toz size was added and additionally a 2 Toz and 5 Toz coin is sometimes issued.
These strikingly beautiful coins are always issued in Proof-like brilliant uncirculated quality and prove very popular.
A different design was issued each year until the 2000. When the 2001 edition was announced, so too was a freeze of the design and thus the 2002 Panda is identical to the 2001. Collectors spoke up on behalf of the annual change and China responded by reversing their policy so that from 2003 onwards, the designs again change each year.
However, on the reverse side, it always features the endangered Giant Panda. It also features the size, Gold fi newness and monetary value.
The main design on the obverse of the coin has hardly changed, save for minor detail changes in the image. It features Beijing’s famous Temple of Heaven (Tien Tien) in the centre with Chinese characters on the top saying “Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo” meaning People’s Republic of China and at

the bottom the year of issue. If it is a commerative issue, the theme will also be marked here.
There was an adjustment of the face values of the coins in 2000/2001 – please see
the table overleaf for details.
The Chinese mints usually do not employ mintmarks. In certain years, there have
been minor variations in items like the size of the date, the style of the temple and
so on. These allow the numismatist to identify the originating mint. In some years,
but not all, other marks and Proof marks (signifi ed by a ‘P’) have been added. The
four mints involved in the production of the Panda are Beijing, Shanghai, Shengyang
and Shenzhen.

Investment Advice


All Panda coins are issued as pure Gold fineness, 999.9‰ and in theory have a low premium just above the value of the Gold.
However, their intrinsic beauty makes them very collectable and they attract good premiums.
As with any coin, the best quality grades will attract the best premiums. The early years in particular will be those with the highest premium. Although the coins were issued in Proof form, many were unpacked and have thus been damaged and are at lower gradings. The mintage figures should be carefully examined – the number originally minted is quoted but it has been found that production continues for various years, hence the total mintage may be quite a bit higher some years after.




All investment coins sold by

are EF quality or above.

For further information: +44 (0)203 318 5612

China remains the world’s largest gold consumer in Q3’13.

Tuesday, November 19th, 2013

China bought 210 tons of gold during that third quarter as announced by the World Gold Council. It actually increased by 18% compared to Q3’12. This includes jewellery, gold bars and coins. China purchased even more gold than India. Traditionally, this latter is the largest consumer of gold but it does not seem so anymore. India bought 148.2 tons of gold which means that their consumption decreased by 32% year on year.
Demand for jewellery has been the most significant part of the global gold demand according to the World Gold Council since it registered a total of 487 tons (increasing by 5% compared to last year Q3). Global demand registered some 869 tons, decreasing by 21% over a year. However, demand remains strong in most countries and areas.

Guerre des monnaies
Does that mean that China is lacking confidence in the US dollar ? One thing for sure, China’s central bank keeps buying more and more gold for its reserves and particularly as a replacement for dollar assets. As we all know China is working on the yuan for it to be a rival to the US dollar on the long term on world markets.
Lack of confidence … should it be extended to banks ? In some countries, they are even talking about confiscating a quarter of their customers’ savings as part of a bail-in. Physical gold remains the best asset but should not be kept in banks vaults at all.

For best alternative, please visit
Extr :, World Gold Council &


Wednesday, August 22nd, 2012

By Mark Rogers

We noted here that the Federal Reserve of the United States has always conducted its own audit.

This could be set to change. Mitt Romney has recently on the campaign trail demanded independent auditing of the Fed. And in July 2012, the House of Representatives voted for “A Bill To require a full audit of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and the Federal reserve banks by the Comptroller General of the United States before the end of 2012.” (H.R. 459)

The support for the bill was decisive, the vote being 327 in favour to 98 against. It is interesting to note how close was the Democrat vote: 89 in favour to 97 against. The extra one making up the 98 against overall was a lone Republican, the Republicans otherwise voting 238 in favour.

The Democrat vote in favour was something of an achievement given that the Democratic leadership in the House tried to whip all members to vote against. Senate majority leader, Democrat Harry Reid has asserted that he will not permit a vote in the Senate, even though he thought it a good idea in 1995. However, he could be out-manoeuvred: Senator Rand Paul (the son of Representative Ron Paul who has been championing this cause since 1983) has sponsored a companion bill in the Senate which has twenty-two cosponsors. The Presidential elections later this year may well provide a momentum that outwits Sen. Reid and forces a Senate vote.

However, there is reason for caution: Constitutional Tender, for one, thinks that there is little likelihood of this getting past the Senate anytime soon.

But all is not lost. The Constitution of the United States of America states, Article I, Section 10: “No State shall… make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts.” Which means that Federal Reserve notes are unconstitutional, and States’ laws that have been passed to make them legal tender were passed in defiance of the above Article. This also means that the lifeblood of the Fed’s notes, quantitative easing, is also unconstitutional and therefore illegal. And the individual States have the power to act as Utah has and start remonetizing gold and silver through similar schemes.

This may well be the most revolutionary movement since the separation of the American people from the British Crown. The tendencies towards big government for so long unchecked – and striking at the heart of the Constitution – may at last be confronting a resistance that modern politicians do not expect to happen to them: the end of rule by political elites despising traditional methods of financial sobriety, in favour of ordinary people armed with gold!

We will be keeping a close watch on developments: while gold purchases are down in both India and China, while speculation as to China’s intentions about backing the renminbi with gold in order to become a rival to the dollar are still speculations shrouded in uncertainty, ordinary Americans are returning to the gold standard in a movement that is likely to prove unstoppable.

For a very thorough account of Utah’s sound money policy please go here.

1 Billion+ Investors to Buy Gold as Chinese Gold Rush Grows

Wednesday, March 30th, 2011

We have previously reported at in Chinese queue at malls to beat Bernanke’s inflation with gold that the a Chinese Gold rush is underway from investors who are looking to beat inflation and devaluing currencies by buying and hoarding gold bullion and gold coins.

In January 2010, China recorded an inflation rate of 1.5%. But just 12 months later, the rate of Chinese inflation has climbed to 4.9%.

Rising inflation has sent food and property prices in China skyrocketing.

The price of food in China has increased 10.3% on an annual basis. The price of grain rose 15.1% and fruit prices were up 34.8% since January of last year.

Chinese inflation has been fuelled by an economic stimulus during the financial crisis two years ago of $585 which has resulted in excesses of liquidity in the economy.

The Chinese Government has tried to curb the inflation with measures such as raising interest rates several times and tightening lending requirements but so far this hasn’t worked. Even worse is the fear sweeping through the Chinese economy that inflation could go out of control and even lead to hyperinflation.

This has already prompted Chinese citizens to buy gold and their appetite for the yellow metal is insatiable.

This trend is not only set to increase but possibly explode into action following recent reports that the People’s Bank of China (PBOC) is actively recommending that over 1 Billion Chinese citizens buy gold as a way of preserving and protecting their wealth against inflation, economic crisis and the falling values of major currencies .

This recommendation was given in the Financial Markets Review from the PBOC and its publication coincided with the decline of several major currencies against the value of gold notably, the Swiss Franc fell 2.5%, The Japanese Yen 2%, The Pound Sterling 2% and of course the US Dollar  which fell 1%.

Chinese buy almost half the Gold produced in the world

According to the gold-specialising Swiss Bank UBS the Chinese demand for gold in the first 2 months of 2011 exceeded  7.05 Million ounces.

This unbelievable demand is the equivalent of 47% of all gold produced in the world during the same period. So the Chinese are buying almost half of the world’s gold production.

If this continues then the Chinese are set to buy in excess of 42.3 Million Ounces of Gold this year!

To put this quantity into context it is more gold than China’s Central Bank officially stores in its reserves.

The Financial Times recently quoted a senior executive at the Industrial and Commercial Bank of China ICBC, who spoke of the “voracious” appetite for gold in China…

China’s largest bank started a physically-backed gold savings account in December with the World Gold Council. Account openings have already surpassed 1 million, with more than 12 tonnes of gold already stored on behalf of investors.

Zhou Ming, deputy head of ICBC’s precious metals department, said the nation’s largest bank sold nearly 250,000 ounces of physical gold in January — the equivalent of 50% of all the bullion ICBC sold last year.

Added to this is the continuing diversification out of Forex by the People’s Bank of China into gold and other precious metals. They have around $3 Trillion which they would like to change because the weakening dollar is eroding its real value. How much gold will they need for $3 Trillion?

We know that China has been accumulating gold surreptitiously by buying up its own domestic production.

This suggests that increasing gold production was part of a long-term strategic plan to become a global leader in gold investments among governments.

The World Gold Council even reported:

Some market participants believe that China may also be continuing to buy local mine production, which it has done regularly in the past. There is certainly no shortage of experts, both domestic and from overseas, advising China to do so.

The World Gold Council estimates China’s gold demand could double in 10 years as more investors embrace precious metals.

But even in the short term, the expected demand for gold in China over the coming month will be enough to put significant strain on global supplies.

According to Tom Bulford  “China has spent the last decade buying every ounce of gold it can lay its hands on.

In fact, the Chinese have increased their deposits by 1,054 tonnes since 2001.

That’s 76% more than it was buying just a decade ago!

And it’s not just the Government we’re talking about here.

Ever since private gold ownership was legalised in China…and the Shanghai Gold Exchange opened – regular Chinese citizens have also started buying up gold in a BIG way”.

Quite simply, the Chinese seem to want to buy ANYTHING gold…

…gold coins…gold bullion…even foreign gold miners.

In fact, according to Want China Times…

“Chinese state-owned gold miner China National Gold Group announced… that it will step up overseas mergers and acquisitions in an effort to increase its gold stockpiles by 100 tonnes this year.”

Chinese production figures

China Produced $35 Billion in Gold in 2010

According to China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, gross output from domestic production increased 67% to 230 billion yuan ($35 billion) in 2010.

Of this, China’s gold industry earned 5 billion yuan ($3.8 billion) in profit — 78% more than in the previous year.

China’s gold mines produced 9.9 million ounces of gold in 2010 — an increase of 7% over 2009.

Meanwhile, total domestic gold output grew 9% to 12.0 million ounces. (source WGC)

India is also encouraging Gold acquisition

Traditionally there has always been a strong demand for gold in India  with its specific seasonal demands for weddings and a cultural attachment to jewellery. However, they are also strengthening demand in Asia which is fast becoming the most important Continent for gold investment.  Gold is selling extremely well to the ordinary citizens looking for wealth protection and preservation. There are over 460 Post Offices that sell gold direct to the people. India also has public companies that offer credit to anyone wishing to purchase gold – in other words you can get a loan to buy gold!

This incredible demand throughout Asia is sure to impact the price of gold which may not have been factored in to the so-called expert calculations/ predictions/guesses.

Gold Price set to go skyward with Asian demand and World events

Similarly there are other significant factors that cannot have previously been factored in to annual gold price predictions such as;

  • The continuing European Sovereign debt crisis with Portugal the latest Eurozone country in difficulty,
  • The on-going Japanese catastrophe following the Earthquake, Tsunami and nuclear crisis,
  • The popular uprisings in North Africa and around the Middle East with Syria and Yemen on the brink and the conflict in Libya worsening by the day. This has drawn military (and therefore financial)  resources from France, the UK and the US which have their own deficit problems and now has involved NATO countries.

It is becoming increasingly difficult to see how all of this can be paid for or accommodated in a World Economy already faltering.

It is no wonder that the Chinese are hedging against another crisis and with their ever increasing hoards of gold they are aiming to back the Yuan with gold and ultimately replace the Dollar as the world’s reserve currency.

We are heading for a spot of $1500 within weeks – and then…..$3000+

In view of the colossal demands for gold already discussed, the possible collapse of the dollar and the unknown outcomes of other world events a crisis bigger than 2008 looms large and we cannot predict which event will trigger it but be sure that it will happen. When it does make sure you have copied the Chinese and secured your wealth in the only safe haven for the crisis ahead. Buy Gold and buy now before the price takes off exponentially surpassing $2000 and even £3000 an ounce before the end of the year. The worthless dollar, hyperinflation, extraordinary demand and debt crisis dictate the course of gold to re-establish itself as the only real measure of currency and wealth. When the dust settles and re-evaluations have been made just pray you have gold as it will be worth upwards of $3000 an ounce.

Gold Trends Intra Day Gold Update – Mar 30th

Wednesday, March 30th, 2011

In last nights update resistance was listed at 1422-1428 and the high so far today is 1430. Support was listed at 1406-1413 and the low so far today is 1414.30

London Gold Fix $1419.00 +$5.00 LME

The gold market dipped last night to daily support at 1414 on forecasts from Gold Fields Mineral Services predictions of increased gold production in 2010 but the gold trade hasn’t been overly focused on the supply side of the equation. In fact, the gold trade generally thinks that investment and demand are easily poised to outdistance increases in supply. Gold Fields Mineral Services pegged world gold production in 2010 to have increased by 3%, with China contributing a gain of 6% and Australia contributing a somewhat shocking expansion of 16%.

While today’s gold upmove began shortly before he payroll reports, there is still a bit of caution of upcoming Fed dialogue, which this week has clearly tended toward a hawkish bias. For now, it sounds more like talk than action. Some traders are suggesting that the knock on impact of the Japanese disaster has already tempered prices and will in turn slow upcoming numbers throughout the world and that Fed tightening expectations are premature. With 3 US Fed members scheduled to speak during the trade again today and with unemployment reports due tomorrow, it is possible that metal prices will remain in the 1420-1430 area for the remainder of the day.

Monthly Japanese auto production readings showed a decline of 5.5% last night. Overnight the wires from North Africa suggested that the Libyan forces regained ground against the rebels.

Going to today’s chart — today’s push to 1430 has at least put us back above the 1420’s and currently trading near the 1425 area. End of month and beginning of month usually favors the upside in the metals so the upside is still favored into next week. The next big event will probably be the unemployment data on Friday. The potential for gold to remain in the 1420-1430 area until then has potential. Resistance for the remainder of today is the 1430-1435 area. support is 1419-1422. The next key area’s to wach would be a close above 1436 and 1444 as this would be suggestive that the upside still has the advantage. Trends are favored higher into next week.

by Bill Downey

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Chinese queue at malls to beat Bernanke’s inflation with gold

Wednesday, March 2nd, 2011

Malls Witnessing Gold Rush as Shoppers Fear Inflation

Jewelers at shopping malls across the capital are witnessing a gold rush as residents spooked by inflation fears look to protect their money.
Statistics from Beijing Caibai, the city’s largest jewelry store, show sales of gold and other jewelry have totaled about 4 billion yuan so far this year, a 70 percent increase year-on-year.

Wang Chunli, general manager, told METRO that hundreds of customers are lining up outside every day to buy gold accessories, such as necklaces and rings. To cope with demand, the store has even introduced a string-weave service, she said, adding: “We’ve also arranged experienced staff to be on duty and increased the number of security guards.”

After seeing the enthusiasm for gold investment, insiders predict prices will continue to rise this year.
Zhou Xiangrui, deputy general manager of Guo Hua, an established gold and jewelry store, even suggested that the surging demand could set a new record, saying: “The price is estimated to increase by 10 percent this year.”

The price has already reached 338 yuan a gram at Caibai and 375 yuan a gram at Beijing branches of Chow Tai Fook and Chow Tai Seng, according to data from, a popular gold investment website.

Concern over the volatile conditions in the Middle East and the debt crises in Europe could also impact gold prices, said Ji Zhiguo, an analyst the Beijing Gold Trade Center.
“This year we might see some investors purchasing more than 10 kilograms of gold bars again,”
he said. “A booming gold market coupled with a stable price increase could prompt more individuals to rush in and invest.”

Gold sales in large shopping malls citywide increased by at least 40 percent year-on-year during the first two months of 2011, Legal Mirror reported.

According to China Central Television, about 40 investors are rushing to purchase gold bars every day at the Wang Feng shopping mall in the Xinjiekou area, with most snapping up several kilograms at a time.

Wang Qiming, 34, who lives in Haidian district, said he has purchased both gold bars in malls and paper gold online.
“The capital has limits on house and car purchases, and it might be hard to preserve the value of my assets if I save cash in a bank account. So I’ve started to focus on gold investment,” he said, explaining that he plans to spend 300,000 yuan on 100 grams of gold bars.

“Stock markets change very fast and are not stable,” said Wang. “Gold investment seems much safer.”
A report released by the World Gold Council at the end of 2010 said China is the strongest market for gold investment and gold accessory purchase.

By Xu Fan
China Daily, Beijing

and courtesy of Chris Powell and GATA

The Asian craze for Gold is increasing

Tuesday, March 1st, 2011

Driven by persistent inflation in China and the worry about the appreciation of money, the demand for gold in the Asian continent remains high and in the first month of 2011 this reached a record. In this context, the “new rich” and those in the higher income segments both in China and India are throwing themselves into gold as a sure way of diversifying their investments.

Only last January, the Commercial Bank of China, one of the main financial institutions in the country, sold a total of 7 tonnes of gold ingots, which is the equivalent of around half of all the sale operations recorded by the bank in 2010. However, the attraction for gold is not limited to the buying of ingots: the growing demand for non-physical investments involving gold, through term deposits, could exceed 5,000 million Yuans by the end of the year.

One of the keys to this growing demand for gold in China is connected with high prices, which increased by 4.9% in January, compared to the same month of the previous year. Even though analysts are projecting a higher figure, around 5.3%, worries over inflationary pressures in the Asian giant could trigger an increase in interest rates by the Central Bank.

Faced with this scenario, a recent report by the World Gold Council (WGC) indicates that it is expected that the demand for gold from China will increase during 2011, as will demand from India for jewellery. According to the WGC, the growing interest in gold is shown in the recovery being enjoyed by the jewellery sector which registered an annual global demand which was some 17% higher than that shown in 2009.

China and India are importing gold and driving the price increase

Friday, January 14th, 2011

The weakness of the dollar, the instability of the European economies and the volatility of United States bonds has scared investors. India is the principal consumer of gold. China is the principal global gold producer. Is there any link here? Despite this reality, and with gold prices at historic highs, China and India are continuing to buy major quantities of precious metals. In fact, the quantities are so high that they are becoming the pillars which are supporting the upward trend in the value of the troy ounce for 2011.

The gigantic Chinese economy is driving the bullion market, coins and gold assets upwards. Bloomberg obtained a report from Shanghai Gold Exchange in which it states that China moved from purchasing 45 metric tonnes of gold in 2009 to a projected 230 metric tonnes for 2010.

At the same time, China’s Ministry of Industry and Technology reported last December that the exporting and importing of non-ferrous metals for this country grew year on year in the first eleven months of the year and reached 108,480 million dollars.

Individual Investment pushes up demand

The increased demand comes mainly from individual investors who prefer to hold physical gold as a safe haven for their wealth. Shen Xuangrong, Chairman of the Shanghai Gold Exchange, stated a few days ago that this interest was mainly due to the expectations of an increase in inflation in this Asian country.

Between January and October last year, the amount of precious metal traded on the Shanghai Gold Exchange increased by 43%, according to its Chairman, Shen Xuangrong. Approximately 20% of these transactions were made on behalf of individuals.

In August of 2010, the Central Bank of China reported that it was going to authorise more Banks to be able to buy and sell gold. It also stated that it was going to makes the regulations for the gold market more flexible to enable more firms to be able to operate in this segment.

More than a million Indian Weddings this Spring!

India has already demonstrated that it occupies a prominent place in the purchasing of bullion, coins and gold assets due to jewellery being accumulated in March in readiness for the wedding season. This year it is very probably that the trend will be repeated: there are more than a million weddings planned to take place in April and May in India and this triggers a strong demand for precious metals, especially gold.

The growing demand for gold jewellery, together with an increase in the demand for bullion and gold coins, demonstrates the popularity of the metal in India. Moreover, for many Indians it represents a safe investment compared with the volatility of paper money.

India is responsible for one quarter of the global imports of gold. China has made changes to its regulations for importing precious metals. Everything seems to indicate that it will shortly become the new leader in gold imports. And not only that: “In the medium and long term, China will be a decisive factor in determining the price of gold “, said Yuichi Ikemizu, Chief commodities analyst at Standard Bank in Tokyo.

When investment options run out gold glistens even more

Friday, January 14th, 2011

Over recent decades the World has experienced a number of financial bubbles. Each one of them has reduced incomes, pulled down currencies, shaken entire financial systems or caused panic in the global economy. Since the Tequila effect in 1995, the Asian bubble in 1997, the bursting of the .com bubble at the beginning of the new Millennium, not to mention other crises leading to the mortgage and financial bubble over the last two years, currencies throughout the World have suffered adjustments which have led to losses of thousands of millions for savers of all sizes around the World.

Obviously, traditional forms of investment such as savings accounts, property, Treasury bonds, shares or investment funds are, inevitably high risk investments. Cash contributions to any traditional investment option does nothing more than generate liquidity in the markets and generate loans which can end in a new bubble or a large demand from stock markets from around the Wold to obtain shares, titles or bonds of dubious strength.

The economy of the United States, which everyone knows to be the strongest in the World, has an annual budget of 3,500 million dollars. According to the latest published data, the income of the United States government was around 2 thousand million dollars per year, and based on the data known from the slowdown, it is considered probable that the tax take will reduce even more, meaning that the Obama’s government will have to obtain 1.500 million dollars in order to be able to continue to function.

For some time now the dollar has ceased to be the preferred haven for investors. The Euro, launched as the bulwark of the strength of European economies, has not achieved it aims in the crisis which erupted in 2008. The Yuan, despite being revalued in 2010, has suffered strong inflationary pressures. The yen has strengthened against the dollar, but this does not mean that the Japanese economy is going through a period of strength. In fact, Japan has been going through a major depression for some 15 years. It just so happens that the instability of other currencies has led to the yen being afforded a position of “strength. However, if something changes on the World stage – and boy is this likely – the yen may also collapse.

The global debt is bigger today than the world can pay. With the World virtually bankrupt, many central Banks, corporate investors, private savers and individuals throughout Europe are increasingly turning to gold as an investment option. What is the reason for this? Gold exists, is real and is there for anyone who want to see it or touch it. It does not depend on any investment fund or company profits to remain on the market. Gold is a real, tangible asset which has been valued by human beings for more than 6000 years. The offer is limited and demand increases year after year.

In order to preserve personal wealth there does not seem to be a lot of options around. Certainly the value of gold may rise and fall, but it will never disappear.



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"For a mountaineer, the important things are the effort, the posture and the muscles. The rope that holds him serves no purpose when everything works but it gives him a sense of security. In the same way, all gold does is ensure confidence; it's a safe haven."